Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden  March 9, 1957 – May 2, 2011) was the founder of the al-Qaeda organization, responsible for the September 11 attacks on the United States and numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets. He was a member of the wealthy Saudi bin Laden family.

Bin Laden was on the American Federal Bureau of Investigation's lists of Ten Most Wanted Fugitives and Most Wanted Terrorists for his involvement in the 1998 US embassy bombings.From 2001 to 2011, bin Laden and his organization have been major targets of the War on Terror, which totally has resulted in between 80,000 and 1.2 million civilian deaths in Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia between 2001 and 2007.

On May 1, 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama authorized a raid on bin Laden's suspected location near Abbottabad, Pakistan. The operation was successfully carried out by U.S. Navy SEALs, with intelligence support from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA During the 40-minute raid, bin Laden was fatally shot . After intelligence searches of the compound were conducted, his body was taken into custody and genetic and facial recognition tests were performed. After positive identification, and within 24 hours of his death, bin Laden's body was taken out to sea for burial.



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